Madrid, is both a Spanish city and a county. It is the capital of Spain and the Community of Madrid.
Madrid is the country’s most populated city, with 3,207,247 inhabitants in 2013. Including the metropolitan area, Madrid has 6,543,031 inhabitants, which makes it the fourth largest metropolitan area, and the third most populous city in the European Union.
The city of Madrid is located in the central area of the Iberian Peninsula. The coordinates of the city are 40 ° 26’N 3rd 41’O and its average height above sea level is 667 m, which makes Madrid one of the highest capitals of Europe.
The city is located a few kilometers from the Sierra de Guadarrama and hydrographically is located in the Tagus basin.
As the capital of Spain, Madrid hosts the following locations:
Economically, it is the fourth richest city in Europe after London, Paris and Moscow. Similarly, Madrid hosts the 3rd largest market in Europe, 2nd Latin American context (Latibex) and several of the largest corporations in the world, and is ranked the 8th city in the world with the largest number of multinationasl after Beijing and ahead of Dubai, Paris and New York.
At international level, it hosts the headquarters of:
It also houses the main regulatory and international institutions Broadcasters Spanish language:
The Villa de Madrid has several representative symbols. One of them is the crimson flag, characteristic of the Castilian city councils. Another symbol is the traditional shield with a bear and a strawberry tree.
Spain has a Mediterranean climate and very influenced by urban conditions. The average temperature is 15 ° C. Winters are cold, with the coldest months averaging 6 ° C. Frost is a fairly common phenomenon but snow is rare (about 4 snowfalls per year). Summers are hot with averages of 25 ° C in July and August, reaching 35 ° C on the hottest days.
Annual rainfall is slightly above 400 mm, with a reaching minimums over the summer (four dry months from June to September) and significant differences between NW (more humid), and NE (more arid).
In general, the climate of Madrid is classified as a type CSA Mediterranean climate (mild with dry and hot summer).
Madrid is a national leader in fairs and exhibitions. It is the leading organizer of trade fairs in Europe. Examples include:
Cultural offer in Madrid is also unrivalled as it host internationally renowned museums such as:
The new International Convention Centre Madrid, which is currently under construction, will be the largest congress center in Spain.
Feast of San Anton: On January 17, many people take their pets to the Church of San Anton to receive the blessing of the saint.
Festival of May the 2nd: This day Spain celebrates the popular uprising that took place in Madrid in 1808 and that which marked the beginning of the War of Independence of Spain against the French troops.
San Isidro Festival: On May the 15th Madrid celebrates the feast of San Isidro Labrador, the saint patron of the Spanish capital. According to several historic evidence, Isidro had the invaluable help of two angels who helped him plow the land faster thanks to their prayers. In the Spanish capital it is traditional to visit the hermitage this Saint, next to Manzanares river or to dressed up as chulapos and chulapas, the traditional Madrid clothes. This day, one can listen the famous chotis on the streets.
Gay Pride Festival: The holidays in Chueca take place every year between the last days of June and the first days of July, hosting cultural and recreational activities of various kinds. Despite being a national-level manifestation of gay, lesbian, transgender and bisexual pride, but a lot of straight people also attend.
Melonera Festival: Also known as the festival of the Nativity of the Virgen del Puerto. It takes place every year around the first half of September. To follow the tradition, people take melon and sangria, and attend the ceremony dressed on their silk shawls. Besides the masses and virgins also do all kinds of activities such as children’s games, contests Miss and Mister, exhibitions, sports tournaments, fun runs or marathon.
Fiestas de la Paloma: held on August 15, also popularly known as Verbena de la Paloma. This festival takes place between Toledo Street and the streets leading to it.
San Cayetano parties: Celebrated on August 7, date of death of San Cayetano in Naples and takes place in the streets near the church of San Cayetano of Thiene, in Lavapies neighbourhood. The most popular is the adornment of streets and balconies peripheral to the church.
Fiestas de San Lorenzo: It takes place on August 10 in the Lavapies and is prefaced by the axis of Argumosa Street, near the parish of San Lorenzo. contests costumes, dances with chotis are held.
Virgen de la Almudena: Patroness of the city of Madrid, is celebrated on November 9.
If you live in the islands or outside of Spain, you will visit Madrid thanks to regular flights and their airlines. The airport in the Spanish capital is the Airport Madrid-Barajas Adolfo Suárez, which is public and managed by Aena Aeropuertos. The airport is located near the city. We emphasize that this is the first Spanish airport by passenger traffic, air cargo and operations, and ranks fourth in Europe and eleventh in the world.
To reach by road, Madrid has 6 principal highways numbered 1 to 6.
Rail, Madrid has two train stations, Chamartin and Atocha. It features high-speed train (AVE). Trains are excellent, very comfortable and fast.
On tracks are recorded Adif, for example, 600 m of first commercial circulations in a pilot experiment in the corridor Madrid-Valencia merchant compositions. These cover 470 kilometers non-stop at maximum speed of 100km/h.