The name ‘Sydney’ comes from the British Home Office Minister Lord Sydney, governor at the time of the city’s founding in 1788.
Sydney is the political state capital of New South Wales, and is the largest and oldest city in the Oceania continent. It is located in the southeast of the country, on the banks of Jackson Bay and covers over 345 square kilometres.
This Australian city is characterised by multiculturalism, something which is reflected in the variety of languages spoken there, although mostly English, you can also hear Arabic, Cantonese, Greek, Italian, Vietnamese and Spanish.
Sydney has an oceanic climate which means hot summers and cool winters. Close to the sea, the average recorded temperature is between 18 and 25 degrees in the hotter months and 8 to 16 degrees in the winter months. The warmest months are from November to February and the coldest are between June and August.
Most families live in the city’s suburb areas, but due to the commute and the number of services offered, it is increasingly more common for people to choose to live in the city centre.
In the urban areas standout landmarks include the Opera House and Harbour Bridge as well as the Sydney Tower and Royal Botanic Gardens. Sydney also boasts stunning beaches.
Sydney airport is located just 10km from the centre, south of the city.
To get around in the city there is a railway network. The circular line stops at different central locations, such as: Circular Quay, Wynyard, Town Hall, Central, Museum and St.James station. You can buy a 24 hour ticket from a vending machine to use the service.
Other modes of transport include ferries, monorail and light rail, as well as taxis (though due to city traffic they are not advised).