Canberra is the capital of Australia and is located half way between Sydney and Melbourne. The city is covered with meadows and half the area is a national park. The city’s urban structure was designed by American Walter Burley Griffin, winning an international planning competition with his proposal of a city in contact with nature.
It is a young and modern city, politically vibrant but also home to galleries, museums, monuments, vineyards, shopping areas and entertainment venues.
Canberra, a young, modern, urban city, is marked by its nature.
Canberra has a relatively dry oceanic climate with four distinct seasons. The city has hot, dry summers and cold, cloudy winters, sometimes experiencing some snowfall. January is usually the hottest part of the year and July is normally the coldest.
Rainfall tends to occur in the spring and summers, with storms between October and March. Snowfall is very rare because it is a flat area.
Most of the city’s attractions are located around Lake Burley Griffin, an artificial lake located in the centre of the city, on the Molonglo river route called the ‘Parliamentary Triangle’. Most of the important buildings in the Australian capital are located on its banks, such as the National Gallery, the National Carillon, the Supreme Court and the National Museum.
Some of the city’s highlights include:
Other important places to visit are the Australian Parliament, the National Library or the Mint.
Canberra’s bus system is one of the best in Australia. The buses run between four main bus stations: City, Wooden, Tuggeranong and Belconnen. Most tourist attractions can be accessed using this mode of transport. They are quick and easy to use, and cost around 3 dollars.
The most common mode of transport in Canberra is the car, due to the high quality of its road network and motorways. The areas of the city are joined together by ‘parkways’, wide two-lane roads with a speed limit of 80-100km/h.
In terms of air transport there is Canberra International Airport, located 8km to the northwest of the city. The majority of the flights are domestic, and travel to Sydney, Melbourne, Brisbane, Adelaide and Perth. International flights are rare and are not direct.